Sudan

by Kellin McGowan (June 2021)

Who?

Over 700,000 Sudanese civilians have fled from the country’s continual violence. 

Here are the key players:

Omar al-Bashi: Former President of the Republic of Sudan. In part because of U.S. sanctions, the Sudanese economy was in a nosedive–to which the Sudenese government responded with the implementation of rationing. These dire conditions continued while he maintained his grip on the presidency, resulting in protests that eventually led to ouster. 

Abdalla Hamdok: Current head of the Sudanese transitional government, former international civil servant. Came to power after the ouster of Omar al-Bashi as a result of a compromise between the Sudanese Transitional Military Council and a civilian-led transitional government. 

Citizens: With a significant portion of the population living in poverty as a result of conflict, the need in the region is widespread. Further, natural disasters worsened by the effects of climate change make an already dire situation significantly worse. 

What? 

The Republic of Sudan is in the midst of a humanitarian crisis stemming from political corruption, violence, poverty, and climate change. 

When?

Unfortunately, Sudan has been in some form of conflict throughout its history. The current crisis stemming from Omar al-Bashi’s rules started in the 1989, when the former President assumed power 

Where?

The United States State Department describes the humanitarian need in the country as “widespread.” Refugees from this country seek refuge in countries such as Egypt, Chad, Ethiopia, and Uganda. 

Why is it so hard for Sudanese refugees to seek refuge? 

Many countries to which Sudanese flee are either overcrowded or have ceased to accept refugees from this region. 

Sources:

https://www.state.gov/u-s-relations-with-sudan/

https://www.independent.org/news/article.asp?id=1311

https://www.concern.net/where-we-work/republic-of-sudan

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-47892742